Allium sativum or Garlic has been used culinary and medicinal purposes for thousands of years. Although scientists do not know exactly when it was cultivated many believe that most likely descended from the Asian plant Allium longicuspis.
Planting garlic is a fall affair. Each clove needs to be planted 6 to 8 inches away from each other.
Each garlic needs to be planted flat tip down and needs to be covered with about two inches of soil.
After all the garlic has been planted you need to make sure that you use a good layer of insulation so the garlic plants will not freeze. Last year and this year I am using a 6 inch layer of straw. I have read that you can also use leaves, but someone I know lost their entire garlic crop from using only leaves as their insulation. So I suggest using straw.
Map of garlic plot (labeled and dated)